Different Types of Flooring

Helena Flooring Pros set the tone for every room in a house. High-quality choices like solid hardwood elevate living spaces and add value. Solid wood floors are natural, classic & can be refinished many times over. Engineered wood floors with plywood or HDF cores topped with a hardwood veneer layer are budget-friendly.


Tile is a versatile construction material with an enormous range of colors, shapes, and textures. It’s used to cover floors, walls, ceilings, and even the edges of roofs. It’s also available in a wide variety of materials, such as ceramic, stone, and metal, with some varieties even being made from recycled paper and wool.

In general, tiles are made from hard materials that resist damage and wear from foot traffic. They’re often glazed and have a high degree of scratch resistance. Tiles also have good heat resistance, which is why they’re so often found in kitchens and bathrooms. In addition, many types of tiles offer sound-absorbing qualities that can improve a room’s acoustics.

A tile floor can be a beautiful accent to any room, with patterns being limited only by your imagination and taste for design. The most common tile is ceramic, which can be made in a large number of styles and colors. Porcelain tile is an alternative that’s slightly more expensive, but it is stronger and better suited for heavy traffic areas. Real stone and marble tiles are more costly, but they can add a unique look to any space.

Regardless of what type of tile you choose, it’s important to understand how it can be installed. You’ll need to lay it down on a substrate, such as concrete or wood. You’ll then apply a thin layer of adhesive to the back of each tile using a trowel. Once the adhesive is applied, you can begin laying the tiles in the pattern specified by the grid layout. When you’re done, it’s a good idea to check the installation for evenness using a level.

It’s also important to remember that tile isn’t a solid surface, so it doesn’t have the same kind of impact resistance as hardwood or carpet. In general, it’s best to avoid putting a very hard or sharp object on a tile floor. However, it’s easy to maintain your tile flooring and keep it looking great by regularly applying a sealant.


Flagstone is a beautiful, natural-looking flooring option that can transform your backyard into an outdoor oasis. Its versatility makes it ideal for patios, walkways, and walls. It is also durable and long-lasting, requiring little to no maintenance once installed. While it may have a higher initial cost than some other materials, its durability and longevity make it an excellent investment for your home.

There are many different varieties of flagstone, each with its own unique color and appearance. Some of the most popular types include Quartzite, Limestone, and Travertine. These variations offer a wide range of colors, from silvery grays to softer hues of yellow and earthy tans. Choosing the right type of flagstone for your project can help you create a space that is perfectly suited to your aesthetic preferences and desired ambiance.

Before you begin installing your flagstone, it is important to prepare the area where you plan to lay the stones. This will typically involve digging out the site to a depth of about 4 to 6 inches. Then, spread a layer of crushed gravel or other compactable base material over the excavation site. Use a plate compactor or hand tamper to compact the layer thoroughly. This will ensure a solid, stable foundation for your flagstone installation.

When laying your flagstone, you can choose to use sand or mortar as the base material. Sand offers a more flexible and easy-to-install solution, while mortar offers a stronger and longer-lasting installation. Both options are effective, but you should consider your options carefully before making a decision.

In addition to determining the best base material for your flagstone, you should also decide whether you want to install your stone in a loose-fitting arrangement or tight-fitting one. A loose-fitting design will allow you to create a more organic and artistic look for your backyard, while a tight-fitting arrangement will require the use of mortar to fill in the spaces between the individual pieces.

While installing flagstone can be a challenge, it is possible for even inexperienced homeowners to achieve a professional-looking result. The natural edges of the individual pieces minimize the need for cutting and fitting, and their forgiving nature means that you won’t have to worry about precise matches or even spacing.

Cement Board

Cement board is sheets made of cement and fibers containing cellulose that are used to serve as backing for tile. It is superior to paper-covered gypsum boards in this role because it resists moisture and won’t develop mold or mildew as easily. It’s sometimes known by brand names such as Durock, Hardie Board or HardieBacker but is more often referred to simply as cement board. Sheets are typically 3 feet wide and 5 feet long to keep them light and manageable (four-foot by eight-foot panels do exist, however). They come in either a 1/2 inch or 1/4-inch thickness depending on the application. The thinner variant is commonly installed on a floor, while the thicker option is usually used for walls.

When installing cement board, start by putting a vapor barrier down on the area where you plan to install it. This protects the studs behind it from moisture and helps prevent mold and mildew from developing, and it’s an important step regardless of what material you’re using.

Then, mix a batch of thinset mortar according to the manufacturer’s instructions and spread it on your work surface with a margin trowel. Apply just enough for one sheet at a time, spreading it evenly and making sure the rough side of the board is facing up. Use the notched side of the trowel to comb ridges into the mortar, then carefully place the first cement board sheet on top.

Continue laying cement boards in the same manner, leaving a one-fourth inch gap between each panel as you go. After you’ve laid all the sheets, cover the seams with self-adhesive cement board joint tape. Make sure the tape fully adheres to the thinset, then smooth out any lumps, high spots or gaps with your putty knife.

Once the thinset has dried, you’re ready to begin laying your tile. It’s important to remember that cement boards are heavy, so they should be lifted with a team of two. They also produce a lot of dust and debris when cut, so it’s vital to wear a mask and protective gloves.


Whether you’re cooking in your kitchen, entertaining friends in your living room or scribbling on the floor with crayon, vinyl is one of the most versatile and durable types of flooring available. It’s resistant to mildew, mold and moisture and holds up well to heavy foot traffic. It also resists punctures and dents better than most carpets, woods and laminates. It’s also inexpensive and easy to clean and maintain.

Today’s vinyl is designed to look like other floors and offers a multitude of design choices. It’s softer underfoot and can be made to appear more natural, making it perfect for areas where you want a warm, inviting feel. It’s easy to care for and scuff-resistant, which is great for busy households. Vacuuming and mopping with a gentle detergent keeps it looking great, while stains can be wiped up with a damp cloth.

Traditional vinyl sheets come in 12-foot widths, which are convenient for larger spaces and allow fewer seams to be lined up. They can be glued down or a newer option is loose-lay vinyl (LVT and LVP). This type of product snaps together and “floats” over the subfloor without adhesive. It’s DIY-friendly, but best left to a professional in high-traffic areas. It’s also easier to install than traditional sheet vinyl.

The main components of vinyl are polyvinyl chloride and plasticizers. It’s mixed with stabilizers, lubricants, fillers, pigments and flame retardants during the manufacturing process. It’s important to know that these chemicals can have a negative impact on indoor air quality if they are released into the environment.